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Common Types of Flooding in the UK

Flooding can often cause a great deal of damage to communities, so being prepared if you know that a flood is on its way is important. However, before you begin packing things away, you should weigh out the risks in your home. You can also do this by identifying what type of flood is likely to strike and the risks associated with it. Below we have compiled a few types of flooding that are found in the UK and a little bit about each type.

Flash Flooding

This type of flood is often characterised for its unforeseen and fast-moving nature. The cause of flash flooding is typically down to heavy rainfalls though they may also become a problem if the areas drainage systems or defences fail. It is thought that this type of flooding may become more common because of climate change and development on flood plains.

Coastal Flooding

Coastal flooding is generally caused by torrential weather conditions and high tides which may cause sea levels to rise excessively. This will then force water onto nearby land. In order to help combat the damage caused by coastal flooding, adequate defences need to be implemented to help keep nearby properties safe from harm.

Unlike flash flooding, this type of flooding can usually be predicted in advance as several agencies constantly monitor current sea levels. If they suspect a flood could be on its way, a flood warning will be released to protect the community.

Groundwater Flooding

Groundwater flooding occurs when water levels underground continue to rise above the standard level meaning that they begin to approach the surface and eventually overflow. Usually, this type of flooding is the result of long periods of heavy rainfall and can last for months. According to the Environment Law, the UK Groundwater Forum predicts that this type of flooding affects "several hundred thousand properties in the UK."

River Flooding

River flooding is where a flowing river overflows its banks and, as you may have guessed, floods the surrounding area. It is said to occur more frequently than coastal flooding in the UK and is caused by intense, persistent rainfalls. This type of flooding can also be exacerbated by melting snow or by fallen branches and trees, waste and overgrowth.

Sewer Flooding

This final type of flooding occurs when the areas sewer system fails or has a limited water capacity following a rainfall or previous flood. This flood can cause both internal and external damage to properties and while your local council may be responsible for maintenance of your areas sewerage system, if you experience a sewer flood on your property due to a fault in your private drainage, you will normally be responsible for cleaning up the mess.

If you have experienced a flood and are looking to restore your damaged property, we offer a fire and flood restoration service to people in and around the Birmingham area. For more information, please get in touch today through our website.